When you are infected by Ransom-malware, you’ll recognize it, for this is a malware that hinder the functionality of your computer access. It will demand a ransom payment so that the functionality of the system will work again. Locking your computer in some way is what Ransomware program does. It displays several intimidating images and extort money. There are some Ransomware that can encrypt at the same time hide personal files, until you can’t access them.
This type of infestation is not new for there is ransomware in 1989, before it was known as PC Cyborg, its other name is Aids Info Disk (AIDS). It has increased infection since 2005 and its initial attacks is in Russia.
Ways of getting the Ransomware into your computer:
- Manipulating the vulnerability of the program. Ransomware has the capability to tap the security vulnerability in the OS (operating system) of your computer or the program (web browser) installed on your computer.
- Access and Download. The usual way ransomware can corrupt your computer is by clicking the malicious advertising ink or accessing malicious attachment.
Categories of Ransomware
- The SMS Ransomware. This type locks your computer plus it displays a ransome text with a code. Unlocking this, you’ll be instructed to send the code by means of text message to a premium rate SMS number, then you’ll receive the unlocking code.
- The Winlocker, it’s another type of ransomware that locks your computer, however, it delivers a display an intimidating ransom text that seems to look like it’s from the local law enforcement agency. This instructs you to take your payment to the online payment system like Paysafecard,Moneypack or Ukash.
- Encryption of Files. Once your computer is infected of ransomware, it can encrypt your files or convert your files into code so you can’t access them. The developer of this malware will ask for a ransom payment to give you the decryption key using the online payment system. This kind of ransomware can lock your screen with a payment instruction.
- The MBR Ransomware. This is a variant of ransomware, hence it goes a bit further compare from the other types mentioned. This can change the Master-Booth Record of your computer where it interrupts the booting process. It locks the computer and display the ransom message when the computer powered on. It holds the loading of OS and makes it unable to remove the infection to repair the system.
Protect your computer from Ransomware
- Back-up data habit. There is always a possibility of a malware attack, which may result in loosing data. Regularly backing up your files won’t hurt, it will take you a bit time, but the result will be rewarding. The peace of mind that you always have a back-up to keep your files secure and avoid data loss.
- Take time to think and delay your clicks. Don’t be too excited to click email attachments, especially if you’re not expecting one. This is the regular trap of suspicious websites. It is best to ignore such emails for protection.
- Establish security on your computer. Invest in an anti-virus or anti-malware software from a reliable company.
- Update always. The operating system, security programs and other applications need to be updated so it can work properly. Make sure the automatic updating button is turned on.
- No Pay Stand. If you’re a victim of ransomware attack, you need to do – don’t panic and don’t pay. The payment won’t guarantee that your data will completely restored, so it would be better to contact your local cyber law enforcement agency to report the problem.